Tamerlane (1336-1405), a brutal leader of Turkish descent who claimed to be related to Genghis Khan, established a new empire in Central Asia with a capital in Samarkand (in present-day Uzbekistan) in the 1300s after the collapse of the Mongol empire. Tamerlane was also known as Timur and Tanburlaine. Tamerlane is a conjunction of “Tamer the.